Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, a speciality of dentistry which primarily deals with prevention and treatment of dental and facial asymmetry.
The “malaligned” teeth act as a hub for plaque accumulation and decay due to constant food impaction in such areas. In long term, it maybe lead to quicker wearing of enamel or temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) or “jaw joint” discomfort. Treatment of such irregularities is not only helps you give back the confidence to smile again but also helps you maintain and keep your teeth functional for a long time.
At FMS Dental Hospital, our team of multidisciplinary specialists help you diagnose and provide the best course of treatment suiting your requirement while advising various treatment options.
What are braces?
Braces are devices placed by orthodontists which help you align and position back your teeth into place which aims at improving your dental health. They can vary according to your atheistic preference ranging from ceramic braces to clear aligners. They might even be augmented with various appliances or in some cases, with surgical procedures, to give you a more desirable result.
Can braces be less visible?
Yes. Ceramic braces are similar to your conventional metal braces except the brackets blend with tooth colour due to use of different material such as ceramics. Their effectiveness varies according to the dental issues presented by you, such as, in cases of severe crowding, your orthodontist may advice you for your traditional metal braces.
What are invisible braces?
Invisible braces, or clear aligners are sequence of polyurethane plastic trays which are custom made off the digital impressions taken of your teeth, which are used to correct mild to moderate malalignments. These aligners are best used by patients with extreme aesthetic concern. The speed of movement with aligners are modereate compared to your conventional brackets. With the advantage of reducing your dental visits, it is highly dependent on patient compliance.
How to prepare before orthodontic treatment?
Preparation usually involves initial diagnostic evaluation by orthodontist. It is followed by a few set of X- rays (primarily Lateral Cephalograph and Orthopentograph) and primary impressions for plaster models. These aids help in better understanding of teeth and bone relations, positions and bites which in turn enhances treatment results. Certain cases may require tooth extraction or surgical interference, depending on severity of underlying condition.
How long will my treatment take?
Treatment time depends on various factors including condition of dental ailment such pre-existing conditions like dental caries, gum diseases, nutritional deficiencies, and syndromes. It may even vary due to age, treatment type preferred by the patient, involvement of surgical procedures, patient compliance, etc plays an important role to determine the time duration quoted by your specialist.
Can I put braces after 18?
Any patient having no underlying condition affecting the bone is eligible for orthodontic treatment done. Adult patients routinely look into more aesthetic treatment options such as ceramic brackets, lingual orthodontics or clear aligners. However, with adult patients, the treatment time is comparatively more than children as bone remodelling may take time.
How often do I have to visit the dentist?
Orthodontic treatments such as braces (metal or ceramic) or myofuntional appliances require monthly or fortnight visit, depending on your treatment plan. These options, require continuous adjustments of wires or screws which help in faster yet controlled movement of your teeth. However treatment option like aligners doesn’t require frequent visits. Once every 3-4 months evaluation by the specialist is more than enough.
Do I have to take medication while being on orthodontic treatment?
Usually during there is no need of medication. But some patients experience transient discomfort during wire adjustments as they exert pressure on the tooth for favourable movement. In such cases, your doctor might prescribe some mild analgesics and supplements.
What emergencies and risks should I expect?
Risks involving orthodontics depends on synergy between treatment planning and patient factors. Specialists usually prescribe fluoride tooth pastes and mouthwashes, teach your correct brushing techniques, and regularly evaluate any food impaction and dental decays. In long term, minimal loss root length of tooth can be expected post treatment. If proper instructions are not followed, relapse can also be expected in a few cases. During the treatment (especially with braces) breaking of wires or brackets, ulcers or redness in particular regions of mouth, discomfort or pain are usually anticipated. Patients are pre equipped with soft wax for broken brackets, pain relief gels and mild analgesics for all emergencies.