Gum Disease

Gum disease

Know when to consult your dentist

Gum diseases are infections that weakens and destroy the tissues keeping our teeth in place. They progress in a sequential manner, debilitating our tooth support.

Causes of gum diseases:  these infections generally result when there has been a neglect in regular home cleaning via brushing, flossing and use of other aids. This leads to build up of sticky yellowish- white material on teeth and gums called “plaque” which is filled with microbes. As the plaque spreads deeper with the gums, it hardens on the teeth visible as yellow brown or black deposits, extending infection into the deeper tissues increasing risk for tooth loss.

How healthy gums look ?

Gums in health will be firm, pink in colour, will not bleed on brushing or flossing and will not easily pull away from teeth. They will fit tightly around the teeth.

gum disease1

Stages of gum disease

STAGES OF GUM DISEASE

How diseased gums look?

Gums in health will be firm, pink in colour, will not bleed on brushing or flossing and will not easily pull away from teeth. They will fit tightly around the teeth.

Gingivitis

GINGIVITIS

This is the earliest stage, where bacteria have not yet attacked the bones inside our jaws.

  • Visible build up of plaque teeth along the gumline.
  • Bleeding on brushing/flossing.
  • Bad breath
  • Gum irritation and reddish colour of gums

Mild to moderate Periodontitis

opg periodontitis patient

At this stage, the disease has taken a more firm hold of our teeth and tissues inside supporting the teeth.

  • Chronic bleeding episodes
  • Swollen and puffy gums
  • loose gums and pockets between teeth & gums
  • Food lodgement between gums and teeth

Advanced Periodontitis

The ultimate phase of gum disease, this is when the “silent” gum infections breaks out and major symptoms are observed.

  • Swollen painful gums that soft and spongy to touch
  • Bleeding on slightest provocation
  • Pus discharge
  • Deep pockets ≥ 7mm
  • Sensitivity near the gumline
  • Drifting/ change in position of teeth
  • Receding gums
  • Loose teeth, which ultimately may be lost.

Advanced Periodontitis
Risk factors for gum disease

Gum disease only  occurs in older people?

Gum disease can affect at all ages. Younger people can suffer from aggressive periodontal disease leading to rapid bone loss and early tooth loss.

Gum disease can get cured on its own or with medicines  alone ?

Gum disease never subsides on its own and also will not resolve with any medicines or natural home remedies. Professional treatment is compulsory to resolve any gum problems.

What are the treatment options ??

Sooner we diagnose, lesser the damage and easier the treatment options"

  • Patients with Gingivitis require minimal intervention with scaling and root planing considered the treatment of choice. (click here to know more) Additionally, your periodontist may also prescribe some antibiotics, mouthwashes and local gels for better healing of gums.
  • Patients with mild to moderate Periodontitis require more extensive treatment alternatives to be explored like LANAP  or Flap surgery.  (click here to know more)
  • Patients with advanced periodontitis need more elaborate approaches like Flap surgeries with regeneration using bone grafts. membranes, PRF or a combination of these materials (click here to know more), papilla reconstruction to correct collapse of gums, root coverage procedures to correct receded gums (click here to know more)   In hopeless scenarios, tooth extraction and replacement with suitable options may also be unavoidable.

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