Guided Tissue Regeneration (GTR)

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Guided Tissue Regeneration (GTR)

Periodontal surgery has evolved with newer techniques and materials advancing the art and science of dentistry.

REGENERATION is a present concept where the tissues that are lost due to periodontal disease are reconstructed to a certain extent using newer and advanced techniques.

Various methods of regeneration used at FMS are:

  • Bone Grafts
  • Guided Tissue Regeneration

Guided Tissue Regeneration

Is an advanced technique which uses a collagen membrane which acts as a barrier which allows only those tissues that are required for healing in the surgical site and eliminating the unwanted tissues.

Procedure

Under local anesthesia a flap ( the gum ) is raised away from the tooth and debrided thoroughly. If necessary a bone graft material is placed into the defect and a membrane is placed over the defect. The gum is sutured back in its original position. This membrane is usually resorbable ( dissolves on its own ). You are instructed to come back for suture removal after a period of 7-10 days.

Case Posterior Teeth

Bone defect before surgery

Bone graft in place

Sutures in place

Healing after three months

Healing after three months

A Case

Current treatments for destructive periodontal (gum) disease are not able to restore damaged bone and connective tissue support for teeth. There are therefore limitations in treating patients with advanced disease. The surgical technique, guided tissue regeneration (GTR) may be able to achieve regeneration and therefore improve upon conventional surgical results.

Guided tissue regeneration (GTR) is a surgical procedure that specifically aims to regenerate the periodontal tissues when the disease is advanced and could overcome some of the limitations of conventional therapy.