What is Malocclusion?
A malocclusion is a misalignment of teeth and/or incorrect relation between the teeth of the two dental arches. The upper arch is called the maxilla and the lower is called the mandible.
What causes malocclusion?
Malocclusion or bite problems originate from a number of causes, most of which are inherited while the rest are behavioral. Habits like thumb sucking, abnormal swallowing, tongue thrusting, lip sucking etc are some of the causes which, when left unchecked and not corrected at the initial stages can cause teeth and jaws (in severe cases) to be abnormally formed or misrelated with each other.
Is it necessary to correct malocclusion by orthodontic treatment?
Malocclusion needs to be addressed when these variations start causing problems like affecting ones speech, interfering while chewing or swallowing etc. Maloccluding teeth can also be a source of continual embarrassment and in quite a few cases affect the very personality of the person by causing mild to severe psychological disturbance. Most often severely maloccluding teeth tend to decay faster than aligned teeth because keeping misaligned teeth clean would be more difficult. In such cases by correcting the maloccluding teeth not only the life of the teeth can be increased and the teeth made strong but the persons self esteem and confidence can be built as well.
How does one recognize whether he/she needs treatment?
Does your smile affect your self-esteem? Do you wish that you could confidently open your mouth in front of people and smile? Does your mouth smell bad because of your irregular teeth? Do you wish you could chew and swallow properly?
If your answers to any of these are yes then you probably need treatment to correct your malocclusion. Take a look at the photographs given below to decide how your smile looks.