Sadly, when gum disease begins, many people are unaware that they have it and start to notice only when the symptoms like bleeding gums, dull annoying pain in the gums, bad breath, appearance of gaps in between your teeth, mobility of teeth etc are felt.There are many factors which lead to gum infection in a person, most common being the build up of debris around the tooth surfaces called plaque or tartar which happens because of improper tooth brushing or flossing. When plaque builds up on a tooth, bacteria in the plaque attack the bone around the tooth as well as the fibers, which connect the tooth to the bone. As the fibers and bone are destroyed, a space forms between the gum and the tooth called a pocket. These pockets remain as uncleansable areas where the bacteria proliferate and the pockets keep progressing. If left untreated, this might eventually lead to loss of tooth as the complete support of the tooth is lost. Lots of studies happening in this field also confirms that gum diseases can cause other bodily issues such as diabetes, heart problems, premature births in pregnant females etc.
Normally a minimal to moderate gum infection can be handled by scaling and deeper cleaning called curettage with or without use of lasers. But when the extent of gum infection is severe and the instruments used for deeper cleaning will not be able to penetrate to the deepest areas of infection or when regeneration of lost bone is possible using bone graft materials, then a Flap surgery is indicated.
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