GUM DISEASE- A SILENT ENEMY…!!!

Gum disease - FMS DENTAL HOSPITAL

PERIODONTITIS, more commonly known as the gum disease or pyorrhea is caused by plaque and tartar that accumulates between the teeth and the gums.  It affects the periodontium, the tissue holding the teeth in its place, in such a way that very few people are aware of the progress of the disease, because of which it is also referred to as a SILENT KILLER..!!!

This disease affects the teeth in such a way that, you will only realize when the teeth become mobile or in a state where it cannot be saved. To start with you might have little bit bleeding while brushing or red swollen gums. If it’s treated at this stage health of the gums can be regained totally. As the disease progresses, the possibility of saving the tooth starts decreasing. Infact, the earlier the treatment better is the result.

 

STAGES of GUM DISEASE…

 

  1. GINGIVITIS

 

Gingivitis or inflammation of the gums causes the gums to become red and swollen due to which they bleed either spontaneously or on the slightest of provocation. Gingivitis is caused by poor oral hygiene but can be reversed by good oral practices at home.

  1. PERIODONTAL POCKETS                                                                                                                            Gums separate from teeth, forming pockets (spaces between the teeth and gums) that become infected. As the disease progresses, the pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed.
  1. PERIODONTITIS

At his stage, the bone loss is extensive due to which the teeth eventually become lose and are shed.

SYMPTOMS…

 

 

  • Red, swollen sensitive gums
  • Bleeding of gums, either spontaneously or the slighted of provocation, such as on brushing
  • Recession of gums, or pulling away of the gums from the teeth.
  • Loose teeth
  • Bad breath
  • Constant metallic taste in the mouth
gums

CONSEQUENCES of GUM DISEASE….

 

  1. Bone loss: Infection by bacteria caused due to periodontitis leads of demineralization of the jaw bone due to which support for the teeth is lost, eventually leading to their shedding.

 

  1. Difficulty in wearing dentures: Inadequate bone support causes difficulty in fabrication and wearing dentures.

 

  1. Loss of self- confidence: As a result of partial or total tooth loss, we tend to smile less. The worst effect of gum disease is that it robs people off their self-confidence and the pleasure of enjoying food and the company of others.

Simplest way of prevention of gum disease is to get your teeth cleaned professionally every year